In some people with diabetes, over time, high blood glucose levels can damage the masses of small blood vessels that filter waste from the blood and dispose of it in the urine. Unfortunately, early kidney disease has no symptoms and it is usually not until the damage is extensive do symptoms emerge.
Symptoms of advanced kidney disease include:
- Swelling of ankles, feet and hands
- Shortness of breath
- High blood pressure
- Confusion or difficulty
- Poor appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- Dry, itchy skin
To identify kidney problems early, an important part of your yearly diabetes management checkup is getting what’s called a urine micro albumin test. This test measures the amount of a protein, albumin, that is found in your urine.
When kidneys are functioning normally, they strain out only waste in your blood, excreted in your urine. Protein and other helpful substances remain in your bloodstream. When your kidneys become damaged, waste products loiter in your blood, and albumin leaks into your urine.
When chronic kidney disease is in its early stage, only small amounts of albumin escape into the bloodstream. You may lose 30 to 300 milligrams (mg) of albumin daily through your urine. This condition is called microalbuminuria. In advanced stages of kidney disease, you might lose more than 300 mg of albumin a day.
The most reliable test to screen for microscopic protein in the urine is to accumulate the urine in a closed container for 24 hours. Another available test, the random microalbuminuria test, requires only a one-time sample of urine. If your doctor is aware of early kidney disease through such testing, early treatment measures can help prevent or slow down the progression of diabetes-related kidney disease.
These treatment procedures include:
- Keeping blood glucose levels at a healthy range, instructed by your doctor.
- Maintaining a preferred blood pressure level, instructed by your doctor.
- Starting an ACE inhibitor blood pressure medication, which has defensive benefits to the kidneys.
- Eating a low-protein diet
United Dialysis Center Is Here For Your Kidney Health
United Dialysis Center’s main focus is on patient outcomes. Whether Home Dialysis, or In-Center Dialysis is the way our patients prefer to live their lives, our service guarantees top quality care.
If you have any questions regarding home dialysis, in-center dialysis, or kidney health in general, please contact us today.